This is a short list of vital phrases to memorise in order to do well with IELTS Academic Writing Part 1 pie chart tasks. We provide a bigger list of useful phrases and over 300 pages of materials to give input on, practice and give feedback on in our IELTS Academic Writing tasks eBook.

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## The most useful phrases for IELTS Writing Task 1: Pie chart task introductions

### Rephrasing the question/ A very brief description of the pie chart(s) given

- The pie chart given shows the percentage of…
- The chart gives data on the proportion of…
- The pie chart on the left shows the ratio of…, whereas the righthand one gives data on the share of…
- The chart at the top of the page gives statistics on the fraction of… that…, while that at the bottom illustrates figures related to how much three categories of… …
- The diagram given shows comparisons of statistics related to the numbers of six kinds of…
- The illustration given includes statistics on the amount of four different types of…

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### Summarising the pie chart(s)/ Description of what you notice about the pie chart(s) straightaway

- There are a wide variety of different percentages.
- Huge variations can be seen in the proportion of…
- The biggest difference between the two pie charts is that…
- There is a noticeable variation in how many…
- The light-coloured segments represent the number of… while the dark-coloured ones give data on…
- There are more differences than similarities between the amount of… and how much…
- In two of the three pie charts,…
- There are three segments (on each chart).

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### Sentence describing the structure of/ organisation of/ plan for/ body of your essay

- I will look at the data in 19… and then move on to the later time period given.
- I will explain the similarities between the different segments, before turning to the differences.
- I will summarise the data related to European countries, then focus on nations in the other parts of the world.
- I will describe the large segments of the pie chart and then turn my attention to the more minor parts.
- I will describe the pie chart and then turn my attention to the table.
- I will explain those two things in that order/ in turn (in the paragraphs below).

## The most useful phrases for the body of IELTS Writing Part One: Pie chart essays

### Starting body paragraphs

**Starting any body paragraph**

- According to the darker segments of the chart,…
- From the information given on the upper pie chart,…
- Looking at the data related to…,….
- If we look at the three largest shares shown on the chart,…

**Starting the second (or third) body paragraph**

- Turning (our attention) to the remaining segments of the two charts,…
- Moving on to the right-hand chart,…
- The other pie chart/ The second chart/ The lower pie chart represents…
- In (complete) contrast to the proportions in the Americas, the statistics on Eurasia show…
- Compared to the numbers shown on the bottom chart, those on the top one…
- As for the other figures,…

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### Stating (vague and exact) proportions/ percentages/ sizes of segments

- about/ approximately/ around/ more or less/ roughly a half of the chart is taken up by…
- just under/ nearly/ almost/ slightly lower than/ a little less than a third of the total consists of…
- above/ (just) over/ (slightly) more than… percent
- a half/ a third/ a quarter/ a fifth/ a …th
- two thirds/ two fifths/ two …ths
- three quarters/ three fifths/ three …ths
- four fifths
- dominates/ is dominated by
- the (vast) majority/ most
- the (second) largest segment (namely…)
- (very) many
- a huge percentage/ proportion/ share/ fraction/ amount/ number (of…)
- a large percentage/ proportion/ share/ fraction/ amount/ number (of…)
- a substantial percentage/ proportion/ share/ fraction/ amount/ number (of…)
- a considerable percentage/ proportion/ share/ fraction/ amount/ number (of…)
- a small percentage/ proportion/ share/ fraction/ amount/ number (of…)
- a tiny percentage/ proportion/ share/ fraction/ amount/ number (of…)
- (very) few/ little
- a (small/ tiny) minority
- a niche…
- almost no
- one in two/ in three/ in four/ in five/ in six/ in ten/ in …
- two out of every three/ every four/ every five/ every…
- the (second) smallest percentage/ proportion/ share/ fraction/ amount/ number/ group (of…)
- …, to be precise…/ to be exact…
- exactly/ precisely
- quite a lot

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### The most useful phrases for comparing and contrasting pie charts and segments

**Phrases for describing similarities between pie charts and segments**

- The two pie charts are (extremely/ very/ fairly) similar
- This segment is (exactly/ just/ almost/ nearly/ two thirds/ half/ a quarter) as large as…
- Similarly, the more recent data shows…
- The main similarity between the two pie charts is…
- The biggest similarity between the data in… and… is that…
- The most obvious similarity between the pie charts on the two sides of the page is…
- The clearest similarity between the earlier and later data is…
- A major similarity between East Asia and Latin America is in the number of…
- Like…,…
- In common with that pie chart, the proportions in the other include…

**Phrases for describing differences between pie charts and segments**

- While the top chart…, the bottom one…
- The segments connected to electronic goods…, whereas those connected to furnishings...
- The most obvious/ main/ biggest difference between the right-hand pie chart and the one on the left is that…
- In contrast to that segment,…
- In complete contrast to the three largest segments,…
- (far/ much/ a great deal/ substantially/ considerably/ quite a lot/ somewhat/ slightly/ a bit/ a little/ a tiny bit) larger (percentage/ proportion/ share/ fraction/ amount/ number)
- (far/ much/ a great deal/ substantially/ considerably/ quite a lot/ somewhat/ slightly/ a bit/ a little/ a tiny bit) smaller (percentage/ proportion/ share/ fraction/ amount/ number)
- The largest segment is one and half times/ twice/ three times/ …. times as large as…
- The next biggest segment is not (nearly/ quite) as large (as…)
- This contrasts with the situation in South Asia, where the pie chart shows that…
- A major difference between the first pie chart and the one next to it is the size of…
- An obvious difference/ A clear difference between the data in 2003 and that of the following year is the shrinkage in…
- Unlike the data in the earlier period,…
- Compared to the data from the 1970s, the later period shows…
- Comparing the two segments/ the two pie charts, we can see that…

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### Language for describing changes to pie charts

- From the first to the second pie chart, this segment’s share of the total…
- grow (grew grown) (by… percent/ … times/ substantially)
- expand(ed) (by… half/ by a third/ by…/ twofold/ threefold/ fourfold/ …fold)
- shrink (shrank shrunk) (by… percent/ slightly/ considerably/ dramatically)
- (nearly/ more than) double(d)/ triple(d)/ quadruple(d)
- halve(d)
- remain(ed) unchanged
- overtake (overtook overtaken)/ pass(ed)/ surpass(ed)
- reach(ed) (a new share of)
- match(ed)/ reach(ed) the same number as…

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### Describing positions of the pie charts

- The upper pie chart/ The top chart…
- The lower pie chart/ The bottom chart…
- The right-hand pie chart/ The chart on the right…
- The left-hand pie chart/ The chart on the left…
- The pie chart above that…
- The chart below that/ The pie chart under that…
- To the left of/ To the right of/ Next to that pie chart is one which shows…
- (In) between those two pie charts is one with statistics on…