not happy

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Mannkavi

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i know first one is correct.But i want to know why is it so.Why second one is incorrect?:shock:

1)why are you not happy ?
2)why do you not happy ?
 

Soup

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1) Why are you not happy?
2) Why do you not happy? :cross:


Use the verb BE (is, are, was, were, etc) with adjectives:

You are happy.
You were happy.
You are going to be happy.
You do happy. :cross:
 

Mannkavi

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thanks...that was really helpful

what about
where "are" you going?
where "do" you going?
go is not an adjective..now how do we come to know that "do" is incorrect to use in this sentence.
 

TheParser

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i know first one is correct.But i want to know why is it so.Why second one is incorrect?:shock:

1)why are you not happy ?
2)why do you not happy ?


***** NOT A TEACHER *****


(1) You are not happy.

(a) As you know, "are" is a form of "to be." "To be" is a very special

verb.

(i) To make the question, just move "are" to the front:

Are you not happy?

Then you can add other words:

WHY are you not happy?

HOW are you not happy?

WHEN are you not happy?

(P.S. In conversation, most people contract (connect) "are" and

"not": WHY aren't you happy? You cannot say: WHY are not you

happy? Native speakers do not like the sound.)

(2) Speakers use "do" to make questions if the verb is NOT "to be."

(a) In your second sentence, you could say:

Why do you not feel happy? (The verb is "feel.")

(3) Here is another example:

Mona is not fat.

Is Mona not fat?

Why is Mona not fat? / Why isn't Mona fat? (Because she eats

carefully and exercises every day.)

Why does Mona not become fat? (The verb is "become.") / Why

doesn't Mona become fat? (REMEMBER: Native speakers do not

like the sound of "Why does not Mona become fat?")
 

5jj

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what about
where "are" you going?
where "do" you going?
Here we have the present progressive form of the verb, made up of the auxiliary verb BE and the ing-form of the main verb. The auxiliary DO has no place in this.
 

Soup

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thanks...that was really helpful

what about
where "are" you going?
You're most welcome. To sum up, the verb is 'are going'. It's BE + ing, not BE. With question formation, the subject (you) and the auxiliary verb (are) switch places which separates the auxiliary (are) from its participle (going). Here's another example:


  • They are going to school. statement
  • Are they going to school? question
 

Mannkavi

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i knew that......i just want to know the basics of uses of do/does/did and is/are/am.
when do we use "do" and when do we use "are" ?

1a)what "do" you want to do in your life?
1b)what "are" you want to do in your life?

1a) is correct and 1b) is incorrect..but in example given below 2a) is incorrect and 2b) is correct...in both 1a) and 2a) we use "do" but one is correct and another is incorrect...what is the reason?

2a)what "do" your hobby?
2b)what "are" your hobby?
 

Soup

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..but in example given below 2a) is incorrect and 2b) is correct ...what is the reason?

2a)what "do" your hobby?
2b)what "are" your hobby?

2a) What do your hobby? :cross:
2b) What is your hobby? :tick:


Statement: Your hobby is mountain climbing.
Question: What is your hobby?
 

Mannkavi

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ok...cool!
i got that..
1)what "do" you want to do in your life?.....is correct
2)What "do" your hobby?....is incorrect {i know that what "is" your hobby? will be its correction }

i just want to know why 1) is correct and 2) is incorrect ?
what is the basics.?
 

TheParser

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i knew that......i just want to know the basics of uses of do/does/did and is/are/am.
when do we use "do" and when do we use "are" ?

1a)what "do" you want to do in your life?
1b)what "are" you want to do in your life?

1a) is correct and 1b) is incorrect..but in example given below 2a) is incorrect and 2b) is correct...in both 1a) and 2a) we use "do" but one is correct and another is incorrect...what is the reason?

2a)what "do" your hobby?
2b)what "are" your hobby?


***** NOT A TEACHER *****


(1) As a learner like you, I understand how difficult it is to

understand certain things about another language.

(2) Please remember the verb "to be" is SUPER special!!!

In fact, some languages do NOT use "to be."

(a) We English speakers must say: She is nice.

In some languages, they just say "She nice."

Many times, "to be" in English is just an equals (=) mark.

Today is hot. / Today = hot.

(3) Please remember that you use "do" for questions IF the verb

is NOT "to be."

(a) What is your hobby? What = your hobby? My hobby is music. My

hobby = music.

(b) What do you like for a hobby? The verb is "like." If you say "What

you like for a hobby?" native speakers will understand, but for "good"

English, you need to use the "question word" do.

(4) Just keep asking questions. The teachers (and non-teachers)

are delighted to help you. Little by little you will understand.
 

Soup

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ok...cool!
i got that.
:cool::up:


1) What "do" you want to do in your life? :tick:
2) What "do" your hobby? :cross:


Example 2) is incorrect because the verb is BE (is). How do I know that? Well, when you are unsure of which verb to put (BE or DO), start with a statement, for example,


Statement: I like cake. (The verb is 'like', not BE)
Question: What do you like? (So use DO)

Statement: The book is $2. (The verb is 'is')
Question: How much is the book? (So use 'is')

Statement: He drives fast.
Question: Does he drive fast?


Now you try. :-D
 

Mannkavi

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thanks a lot...it really feel good when someone help you....and people here on this site are really helpful..

i am stilll learning..the information you have provided is helpful..but still there is some confusion..thanks once again
 

Mannkavi

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the above reply was for "TheParser"....
 

Mannkavi

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Statement: He drives fast. (not BE)
Question: Does he drive fast? (so we use does)

thats interesting method...thanks a lot Soup
 
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5jj

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.but still there is some confusion..thanks once again
Except with BE as a lexical verb, (and lexical HAVE for some speakers):

1. ALL full questions* in modern English are formed with at least two verbs, one of them being an auxiliary; so "What do your hobby?" is unacceptable.

2a. If there is no other auxiliary verb (BE, HAVE, CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, MUST, SHALL, SHOULD, WILL WOULD) involved, the auxiliary verb DO is always used in question formation.

He works - Does he work?

2b. The auxiliary DO is never used in conjunction with another auxiliary:

He can work - Can he work?
He is working - Is he working?

3. DO is never used in the formation of questions with BE. (For a small number of speakers of BrE, it is not used in the formation of sentences with HAVE.)

They are happy - Are they happy?
He has a question - (Has he a question?) Does he have a question?




*In question tags and short follow-up questions, we use only the auxiliary, not the main verb:

You like beer, don't you?
He isn't trying, is he?
A. I worked in Germany last year. ............ B. Did you?
A. The phone was ringing when I arrived. .....B. Was it?
 

Mannkavi

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thanks fivejedjon..
i surely need some time to understand it completely....but i will be back with lots of ques.
 

TheParser

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Statement: He drives fast. (not BE)
Question: Does he drive fast? (so we use does)

thats interesting method...thanks a lot Soup

***** NOT A TEACHER *****


(1) I think that Teacher Soup has suggested an excellent method:

Just write 5 sentences with "be" and 5 sentences with other verbs.

Then change the 10 sentences to questions.

(2) Please change the following to questions:

(a) Newspapers are losing readers in the United States.

(b) That newspaper costs 50 cents an issue.

(c) Usingenglish.com is visited by many people.

(d) Tom went to the movies last night.

(e) Mona was playing the piano an hour ago.

(f) She plays the piano very well.

(g) The children were naughty yesterday.

(h) The 2012 Olympics will be in London.

(i) George cooked dinner last night.

ANSWERS: (a) Are newspapers ...? (b)Does that newspaper cost ...?

(c) Is usingenglish.com visited ...? (d) Did Tom go ...? (e) Was Mona

playing ...? (f)Does she play ...? (g) Were the children ...? (h) Will the

2012 Olympics be in London? (i) Did George cook ...?

If you had any problems changing these sentences to questions, just

post your questions here. Someone will be delighted to answer you.
 
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