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The purpose for an utterance or piece of language is its function, such as making a request, giving an order, complaining, giving a compliment, etc. In teaching, a function like apologising may be chosen and the language used in various types of apologies taught so that students know how they can apologise in various situations.
Related English Articles
Continue to learn about functional language by browsing our articles on the topic.
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Articles for Teachers
How to teach English greetings
Teaching tips, games and songs for teaching different ways to say hello and goodbye
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Teaching students how to react with sympathy, shock, interest, etc, including conversational reactions games.
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Teaching tips, games and other classroom activities for "should", "If I were you", "I would suggest", etc.
How to teach making and responding to invitations
Teaching tips and classroom activities for making, accepting and politely rejecting invitations.
How to teach and use the language of newspaper headlines
Lessons to help students understand newspaper headlines
How to teach checking and clarifying
Teaching how to ask for and give confirmation of meaning without sounding rude.