[Grammar] predicate adjective

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chemaliroula

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I am really confused please help if possible. I have three sentences and I have to say which one has a predicate adjective. I think a predicate adjective exists in the three sentences mentioned below. If I am wrong please correct and explain my misunderstanding of the concept.
1-The scientist is he.
2-The scientist was strong.
3-The scientist was a gerat inventor.
Thank you again for your help.
 

TheParser

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I am really confused please help if possible. I have three sentences and I have to say which one has a predicate adjective. I think a predicate adjective exists in the three sentences mentioned below. If I am wrong please correct and explain my misunderstanding of the concept.
1-The scientist is he.
2-The scientist was strong.
3-The scientist was a gerat inventor.
Thank you again for your help.


***** NOT A TEACHER *****

Good afternoon, Chemaliroula.

#2. The scientist was strong. = a so-called predicate adjective

because "strong" is an adjective that describes "the scientist."

The scientist is he. = predicate pronoun (because "he" is a pronoun).
The scientist was a great inventor.= predicate noun (because "inventor" is a noun).

Have a nice day!
 

mmasny

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Also, it could be helpful if you wrote what was your understanding of the concept. I believe it would be easier to explain if you did.
 

Tdol

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And please be patient- there are many posts and it's voluntary, so please just wait for an answer.
 

corum

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I am really confused please help if possible. I have three sentences and I have to say which one has a predicate adjective. I think a predicate adjective exists in the three sentences mentioned below. If I am wrong please correct and explain my misunderstanding of the concept.
1-The scientist is he.
2-The scientist was strong.
3-The scientist was a gerat inventor.
Thank you again for your help.

What are the predicates in the three sentences?

- is he
- was strong
- was a great inventor

Predicate adjective -- What is it? It is a verbal complement that comes after certain verbs (linking verbs). IF you take away a verb and in its vacant slot you insert an equasion mark, and if the equasion is correct, then you have a linking verb. Linking verbs subcategorize an internal complement that traditionalists call a subject complement. A subject complement can be of two types regarding its categorial status: adjective (phrase), noun (phrase)
Let us look at the three complements:

- he
- strong
- a great inventor

he = noun, right?
strong? Adjective!
a great inventor? nominal phrase

In our quest to find a pred. adj., only 'strong' deserves our attention because it is the only adj.
Let us look at the second sentence again:

The scientist was strong.
The scientist = strong

Is 'strong' predicated of 'the scientist'? Yes! --> is = linking verb; strong = adj. --> strong = predicate adjective.
:up:
 
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