Wole Soyinka, who was born in 1934, is a Nigerian writer, poet and playwright. Many 1) __________ him as Africa's most 2) __________ playwright. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1986, the first African writer to win this honour.
Soyinka has played an active role in Nigeria's 3) __________ history. In 1967, during the Civil War in Nigeria, he was arrested by the Federal Government and put in solitary 4) __________ for attempting to broker a peace between the warring parties. While in prison he wrote 5) __________ which was published in a collection. He was released two years later after international attention was drawn to his 6) __________. His experiences in prison are recounted in a book.He is an outspoken 7) __________ of many Nigerian administrations, and of political tyrannies worldwide, including the Mugabe regime in Zimbabwe. Much of his 8) __________ has been concerned with "the 9) __________ boot and the irrelevance of the colour of the foot that wears it".
1986 was his most glorious year and occurred during the reigns of several violent and repressive African regimes. The Swedish Academy 10) __________ him the Nobel Prize for Literature as a writer “who in a wide 11) __________ perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of 12) __________”. The foremost Nigerian 13) __________ became the first African Nobel laureate, enshrined forever in the history of world literature. His Nobel Lecture was devoted to South African freedom-fighter Nelson Mandela. Soyinka's 14) __________ speech criticised apartheid and the politics of racial segregation imposed on the population by the Nationalist South African government. That year brought him another 15) __________ award - the Agip Prize for Literature - and he was awarded a Nigerian national decoration: Commander of the Federal Republic.