Printable Handout: Connectives and Contrastives

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Instructions: Choose the correct answer.

Q1 - He took his gloves as it was very cold outside
'As' is similar in meaning to 'and'
'As' is similar in meaning to 'because'
Q2 - Since she was the best worker she was promoted quickly
'Since' is a time reference marking the time she has worked there
'Since' introduces the reason for her promotion, linking reason and result
Q3 - He worked very hard for the test. However, he still failed
The speaker is a bit surprised that the person failed
The speaker is not surprised at all that the person failed
Q4 - He wouldn't drive slower despite the thick fog
The speaker thinks that the other person's driving was logical in the conditions
The speaker thinks that the other person's driving was illogical in the conditions
Q5 - She insisted on going for a walk in spite of the weather
The decision seems illogical
The decision seems perfectly logical
Q6 - Since he could speak several languages he found a job without too much difficulty
'Since' is similar in meaning to 'because'
'Since' is similar in meaning to 'but'
Q7 - Although it was freezing, he went out in a T-shirt
The speaker thinks that this is logical behaviour
The speaker thinks that this is not normal
Q8 - In spite of the problems, we managed to finish it on time
The speaker did not expect to finish on time
The speaker expected to finish on time
Q9 - Despite the police, the demonstration went ahead
The police tried to stop the demonstration
The police did not try to stop the demonstration
Q10 - Even though he had not done any work, he still got the best mark
The speaker thinks that this is logical
The speaker thinks that this is not logical
Q11 - It was easy as we had all the instructions
'As' means 'when'
'As' means 'because'

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