Term: Adjective

Definition:

Adjectives are one of the major parts of speech in English. They modify a noun or noun phrase. Often called describing words, they describe the quality, state or action that a noun refers to. They can be used to distinguish a particular noun- the red car distinguishes one car by colour from the others. Adjectives are an open class in English, which means that we can make new ones easily and add them to the language, which is not the case in all languages.

 

Adjectives are not generally used in standard English to modify other adjectives- we use adverbs to do that. However, we can use multiple adjectives to modify a noun. When we do this they tend to follow a sequence, though this order of adjectives is not an absolute rule and there will always be exceptions.

 

They can be used in various ways and positions in a sentence:

ADJECTIVE RULES:

  1. Adjectives can come before nouns: a new car
  2. Adjectives can come after verbs such as be, become, seem, look, etc.: that car looks fast
  3. They can be modified by adverbs: a very expensive car
  4. They can be used as complements to a noun: the extras make the car expensive

 

See Also:Comparative; Superlative; Predicative Adjective; Attributive Adjective; Count Noun; Parts of Speech

Category:Adjectives and Adverbs