List of regular plurals ending in -s, -es and -ies

Summary: The big list of regular English plurals ending in -s, -es and -ies, arranged by level

There are far too many useful words ending with “-s” to list, so this is mainly a list of words ending in “-es” and “-ies”. However, it also includes words that take “-s” in the plural because the singular already endings in “-e” but which have an “iz” pronunciation like “-es” endings. There is also a short list of the most useful words ending in “-s” which are always plural.

There is a similar list of irregular plurals in the article How to Teach Irregular Plurals

 

Plurals that take es with an “iz” pronunciation and one added syllable (listed by level)

Elementary

  • buses
  • churches
  • classes
  • contact lenses
  • eyelashes
  • glasses
  • sandwiches
  • actresses
  • faxes
  • peaches
  • princesses
  • waitresses

 

Pre-Intermediate

  • beaches
  • boxes
  • brushes
  • businesses
  • dishes
  • dresses
  • inches
  • watches

 

Intermediate

  • bonuses
  • bosses
  • branches
  • foxes
  • kisses
  • losses
  • pitches
  • speeches
  • switches
  • taxes
  • viruses
  • weaknesses
  • wishes
  • witches
  • witnesses

 

Upper Intermediate

  • affixes
  • arches
  • atlases
  • benches
  • biases
  • bunches
  • bushes
  • circuses
  • coaches
  • cockroaches
  • crashes
  • crosses
  • gases
  • guesses
  • illnesses
  • matches
  • passes
  • prefixes
  • punches
  • radishes
  • remixes
  • riches
  • sketches
  • sketches
  • successes
  • suffixes
  • torches
  • wishes

 

Advanced

  • abscesses
  • approaches
  • batches
  • blemishes
  • blotches
  • blushes
  • breaches
  • brooches
  • buttresses
  • carcasses
  • censuses
  • choruses
  • clutches
  • complexes
  • congresses
  • crutches
  • dispatches
  • ditches
  • excesses
  • finches
  • flashes
  • fortresses
  • goddesses
  • harnesses
  • hutches
  • irises
  • lasses
  • launches
  • leeches
  • marches
  • marshes
  • masses
  • mattresses
  • mistresses
  • parishes
  • patches
  • pluses
  • porches
  • pouches
  • presses
  • rashes
  • recesses
  • reflexes
  • scratches
  • searches
  • sexes
  • skirmishes
  • splashes
  • stitches
  • stresses
  • thicknesses
  • trenches
  • winches

 

Plurals with just -s added but “iz” pronunciation and an added syllable (listed by level)

Elementary

  • bookcases
  • colleges
  • fridges
  • garages
  • houses
  • nurses
  • oranges
  • pages
  • palaces
  • pencil cases
  • sausages
  • spices
  • suitcases
  • teleconferences
  • video conferences

 

Pre-Intermediate

  • advantages
  • ages
  • ambulances
  • blouses
  • bridges
  • chances
  • changes
  • choices
  • conferences
  • dances
  • differences
  • disadvantages
  • diseases
  • excuses
  • exercises
  • experiences
  • faces
  • horses
  • images
  • increases
  • languages
  • necklaces
  • nieces
  • noises
  • offices
  • phrases
  • pieces
  • places
  • promises
  • responses
  • services
  • sizes
  • stages
  • surprises
  • text messages
  • uses
  • villages
  • wages

 

Intermediate

  • acquaintances
  • appearances
  • audiences
  • cabbages
  • carriages
  • cases
  • clauses
  • coincidences
  • compromises
  • conferences
  • courses
  • databases
  • divorces
  • expenses
  • finances
  • hostages
  • ounces
  • packages
  • pauses
  • performances
  • preferences
  • prices
  • prizes
  • purposes
  • purses
  • references
  • romances
  • shoelaces
  • sledges
  • slices
  • spaces
  • sponges
  • terraces
  • voices
  • voyages
  • workplaces

 

Upper Intermediate

  • absences
  • abuses
  • advances
  • alliances
  • allowances
  • appliances
  • assurances
  • auspices
  • averages
  • badges
  • beverages
  • braces
  • bruises
  • cages
  • carriages
  • causes
  • charges
  • circumstances
  • consequences
  • cottages
  • cruises
  • damages
  • devices
  • discharges
  • distances
  • disturbances
  • doses
  • edges
  • enterprises
  • entrances
  • exchanges
  • fences
  • forces
  • fragrances
  • franchises
  • fringes
  • fuses
  • glances
  • grievances
  • hedges
  • hinges
  • impulses
  • inferences
  • influences
  • injustices
  • instances
  • interfaces
  • invoices
  • licenses
  • marriages
  • masterpieces
  • messages
  • mortgages
  • moustaches
  • notices
  • occurrences
  • paces
  • passages
  • percentages
  • phases
  • pledges
  • poses
  • practices
  • prejudices
  • privileges
  • provinces
  • purchases
  • releases
  • residences
  • resources
  • ridges
  • roses
  • sacrifices
  • senses
  • sequences
  • sources
  • substances
  • surfaces
  • traces
  • urges
  • utterances
  • vases
  • verses
  • vices
  • warehouses

 

Advanced

  • accomplices
  • aces
  • allegiances
  • appendages
  • bandages
  • barges
  • bases
  • blockages
  • breezes
  • bronzes
  • caches
  • cartridges
  • collages
  • condolences
  • conveniences
  • creases
  • crevices
  • curses
  • disappearances
  • dispatches
  • embraces
  • essences
  • forges
  • furnaces
  • gauges
  • glimpses
  • gorges
  • greenhouses
  • guises
  • haunches
  • hoses
  • imbalances
  • impedances
  • lapses
  • leakages
  • ledges
  • licenses
  • lineages
  • linkages
  • lodges
  • midges
  • miscarriages
  • muses
  • novices
  • nuances
  • nuisances
  • outrages
  • partridges
  • pilgrimages
  • porpoises
  • pretences
  • prototypes
  • purges
  • racehorses
  • reassurances
  • recurrences
  • refuges
  • reminiscences
  • remittances
  • resonances
  • reverses
  • savages
  • sieges
  • silences
  • stances
  • stoppages
  • summonses
  • surges
  • synapses
  • syringes
  • tolerances
  • tortoises
  • typefaces
  • variances
  • vestiges
  • voltages
  • wedges

 

List of plurals ending in ies by level

Elementary

  • babies
  • batteries
  • butterflies
  • celebrities
  • cherries
  • dictionaries
  • documentaries
  • factories
  • French fries
  • hobbies
  • libraries
  • nationalities
  • photocopies stories
  • strawberries

 

Pre-Intermediate

  • accessories
  • activities
  • apologies
  • buddies
  • cities
  • copies
  • countries
  • emergencies
  • enquiries
  • ladies
  • memories
  • parties
  • raspberries
  • similarities
  • television personalities

 

Intermediate

  • abilities
  • allergies bodies
  • bullies
  • categories
  • centuries
  • charities
  • difficulties
  • disabilities
  • discoveries
  • duties
  • galleries
  • injuries
  • necessities
  • opportunities
  • personalities
  • replies
  • responsibilities
  • salaries
  • spies
  • strategies
  • studies
  • subsidiaries
  • supplies
  • tries
  • universities
  • varieties
  • worries

 

Upper Intermediate

  • allies
  • anxieties
  • authorities
  • casualties
  • ceremonies
  • commodities
  • communities
  • controversies
  • counties
  • currencies
  • deliveries
  • democracies
  • economies
  • enemies
  • facilities
  • ferries
  • flies
  • galleries
  • industries
  • inequalities
  • lorries
  • luxuries
  • ministries
  • minorities
  • mysteries
  • obituaries
  • policies
  • priorities
  • properties
  • puppies
  • quantities
  • queries
  • redundancies
  • remedies
  • societies
  • theories
  • victories

 

Advanced

  • abnormalities
  • adversaries
  • agencies
  • ambiguities
  • amenities
  • analogies
  • annuities
  • anomalies
  • antibodies
  • antiquities
  • armies
  • arteries
  • atrocities
  • autobiographies
  • beauties
  • beneficiaries
  • boundaries
  • capabilities
  • capacities
  • cemeteries
  • certainties
  • colonies
  • commentaries
  • competencies
  • constituencies
  • contemporaries
  • contingencies
  • curiosities
  • daisies
  • deficiencies
  • deformities
  • deities
  • delicacies
  • dependencies
  • deputies
  • destinies
  • diaries
  • dignitaries
  • discrepancies
  • disparities
  • distilleries
  • eccentricities
  • embassies
  • emissaries
  • entities
  • entries
  • equities
  • estuaries
  • eventualities
  • extremities
  • fairies
  • fantasies
  • fatalities
  • ferries
  • festivities
  • fisheries
  • follies
  • forgeries
  • formalities
  • functionaries
  • galaxies
  • hippies
  • identities
  • ideologies
  • idiosyncrasies
  • impurities
  • inaccuracies
  • inadequacies
  • inconsistencies
  • indignities
  • inefficiencies
  • insecurities
  • intermediaries
  • ironies
  • irregularities
  • laboratories
  • liabilities
  • localities
  • loyalties
  • luminaries
  • melodies
  • mercenaries
  • mercies
  • methodologies
  • miseries
  • missionaries
  • monasteries
  • monopolies
  • municipalities
  • nannies
  • nappies
  • necessities
  • novelties
  • obscenities
  • oddities
  • ovaries
  • pansies
  • pastries
  • peculiarities
  • penalties
  • philosophies
  • ponies
  • poppies
  • possibilities
  • principalities
  • prophecies
  • qualities
  • rarities
  • refineries
  • repositories
  • robberies
  • rubies
  • sensibilities
  • sensitivities
  • signatories
  • specialities
  • specialties
  • subsidies
  • sympathies
  • symphonies
  • tapestries
  • tendencies
  • territories
  • tragedies
  • treaties
  • tributaries
  • utilities
  • vacancies
  • vagaries
  • wellies

 

List of plurals ending in ys by level

Elementary

  • boys
  • days
  • holidays keys
  • toys

 

Pre-Intermediate

  • ashtrays
  • essays

 

Intermediate

  • birthdays
  • deejays
  • delays
  • highways
  • journeys
  • monkeys
  • plays
  • trays
  • ways
  • weekdays

 

Upper Intermediate

  • alleys
  • attorneys
  • buoys
  • cowboys
  • displays
  • guys
  • homestays
  • motorways
  • screenplays
  • surveys
  • trolleys
  • turkeys
  • valleys

 

Advanced

  • abbeys
  • alleyways
  • alloys
  • archways
  • arrays
  • bays
  • bellboys
  • castaways
  • chimneys
  • choirboys
  • cockneys
  • convoys
  • decoys
  • donkeys
  • doorways
  • driveways
  • dual carriageways
  • envoys
  • fairways
  • homeboys
  • jerseys
  • jockeys
  • joys
  • kidneys
  • lackeys
  • medleys
  • ospreys
  • pageboys
  • paperboys
  • passageways
  • pathways
  • paydays
  • playboys
  • ploys
  • pulleys
  • quays
  • relays
  • runways
  • schoolboys
  • sickbays
  • slipways
  • stingrays
  • storeys
  • stowaways
  • strays
  • sunrays
  • tomboys
  • volleys
  • walkways
  • washdays
  • waterways

 

List of plurals ending in oes by level

Note that there are many other possible -oes plurals that I probably wouldn’t teach, usually because an -os plural is also possible.

Elementary

  • potatoes
  • tomatoes

 

Pre-Intermediate

  • heroes
  • superheroes

 

Intermediate

  • zeroes

 

Upper Intermediate

  • echoes
  • volcanoes

 

Advanced

  • buffaloes
  • embargoes
  • torpedoes
  • vetoes
  • weirdoes

 

Words ending in s that are always plural (with no singular form without –s, listed by level)

The words below always take a plural form of the verb (“The jeans are…”). They are therefore different from singular and uncountable words ending in “-s” which take third person S such as “The news is…” and also different from words which end in “-s” in the both the singular and plural such “The series is/ are…”

Elementary

  • clothes
  • glasses (meaning spectacles)
  • jeans
  • pajamas/ pyjamas
  • scissors
  • shorts
  • stairs

 

Pre-Intermediate

  • congratulations
  • headquarters
  • pants
  • trousers

 

Intermediate

  • binoculars
  • crossroads
  • leggings
  • stockings
  • tights

 

Upper Intermediate

  • contents
  • goggles
  • kitchen scales
  • outskirts
  • spectacles
  • toiletries
  • tongs
  • tweezers

 

Advanced

  • barracks
  • bellows
  • dregs
  • dungarees
  • flares
  • forceps
  • fumes
  • gallows
  • hot pants
  • overalls
  • pincers
  • pliers
  • quarters
  • shears
  • slacks
  • vespers

 

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